FACTORS INFLUENCING STUDENTS' ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN THE FIRST ACCOUNTING COURSE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN PUERTO RICO
Presented to the Faculty of Argosy University/Sarasota
In partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of
Doctor in Business Administration
Herminio Rodríguez Príncipe
The first comprehensive comparative study conducted in public and private universities in Puerto Rico investigated if there were many failures in the first accounting course. It also analyzed students’ perceptions on internal and external classroom factors that might influence their academic performance in their first accounting course. A descriptive co-relational research design was used in this investigation. The population was the students in the first accounting course at public and private universities in Puerto Rico. The sample, 1721 subjects, included thirteen campuses from three different universities out of a total of 65 campuses in Puerto Rico. The campuses were not randomly selected. The researcher selected campuses representing different demographic areas in Puerto Rico. A Chi-Square analysis reflected that public universities had a higher number of student failures compared to private universities. The grade distribution reports from private universities demonstrated that 40 to 50 percent of students did not complete or failed in the first accounting course. The findings of the study also demonstrated that students perceived that internal classroom factors positively influenced students’ academic performance in the first accounting course in Puerto Rican public and private universities. However, the effect of combined external classroom factors was not statistically significant for Puerto Rican universities.
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